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The Romans by the Rhine


58-51 b.c.

Conquest of Gaul by the Roman general Caesar

55 b.c.

First crossing of the Rhine by Caesar

9 a.d.

Defeat of the Roman general Varus in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest

around 85 a.d.

The two provinces Germania Inferior and Germania Superior are established.

257/260 a.d.

Invasion of the Franks on the Lower Rhine in to Gaul.

269/270 a.d.

Alemanni attack to the Upper Germanic-Raetian Limes.

275/276 a.d.

Franks attack the northern part of the Lower Germanic Limes.

364/375 a.d.

Under Emperor Valentinian the Rhine frontier is reconsolidated, but life on the Rhine becomes increasingly precarious for the population. Numerous castellums along the Rhine have to be abandoned by the Romans or are conquered.

5th c. a.d.

The western part of the Roman empire disintegrates. Within the territory of the former Roman Empire several new and regionally limited royal dominions are created.
On the Middle Rhine, the Franks gain the upper hand.

The Limes und the Rhine border


The Limes was a Roman border defence in Germania.

The Romans had made advances again and again to Germania, but then withdrew as a durable conquest of this, in Roman eyes, Barbarian country was not successful. The Rhine itself partially formed the border; the Limes were north of the Rhine in the Middle Rhine region.

In Boppard there was a Roman fort and a Roman settlement in the estuary area of what is today Mühltal. Here the Celts had previously settled, and in the time of the Franks the Royal Court was established, about which there will be more later. The Roman fort, the remains of which can be visited in the Archaeological Park, developed into a mediaeval town.

Therefore Boppard is particularly unusual in that it is a town which has been a continuous settlement from the Celts via the Romans to the present day.